Published on November 3rd, 2013 | by dc


The Many Different Types Of Heart Disease

Heart disease is the number one killer of women. This problem inside the body is sometimes detected too late, and in some people no symptoms arise until a heart attack is in full force. The different types of heart disease rank up there with mental health problems. A cardiologist will best discuss the different types and how to lower the risk of having these.

The heart is one of the strongest organs in the body. The muscle pumps blood to every part of the living being and recycles the blood cells as they come back through. As the body ages, the heart begins to slow down. Although athletes and those who are very active at older ages seem to have good heart rhythms, the muscle still reacts to the aging process just as the other organs do.

When the arteries begin to harden from elevated cholesterol levels, coronary heart disease, or CHD, becomes an issue. This is caused by eating many fatty foods, a lot of red meats, and foods high in sodium content.

The cholesterol begins to build a wall inside the artery, hardening as it constructs itself. As the wall builds, the artery slows down in blood pumping as it has no room to fill the muscle with the blood at a high rate. High blood pressure is often the result of high cholesterol.

The cardiac organ can build levels of calcium within the walls of the atrium. The calcium, like cholesterol, hardens causing the muscle to almost freeze up when it pumps. Other problems with this tend to be congestive heart failure, or CHF. Here, the hardening of the walls make the muscle expand in size to counteract the congestion of the so-called frozen walls. Over time, the vascular organ completely shuts down because it cannot move from the build up. This is a heart attack in the making.

Other disorders with the vascular organ come with high rates or palpitations. Tachycardia, one of the most common disorders, is when the rate of beats is higher at any given time. The normal resting rate is around 65 beats per minute. However, a person with tachycardia will experience resting rates of over 140 beats per minute. Many times, this rate can be over 200, and in worse scenarios, over 300 beats per minute.

Another fluttering of the muscle disorder is fibrillation. This is when the atrium reacts to quickly, causing a rate to speed up and suddenly slow down. This can cause severe chest pains and feelings of impending doom. On the opposite scale, bradycardia is when the rate slows down to very low dangerous levels, including those that are under 20 beats per minute.

The many different types of heart disease can range from simple anxiety to attacks of the muscle causing death. A cardiologist is best to explore the options a person can have to help correct the problem or avoid more situations that could turn to surgeries if not death itself. There are many ways to lower the risk of having any one of these disorders and hundreds more.

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